- All-new efficient and powerful LR-V8 petrol engine – lightweight construction using recycled materials
- LR-V8 5.0-litre supercharged petrol engine
- 510PS (29% increase) and 625Nm (12% increase)
- Fuel consumption reduced by 7.3% to 19mpg (14.9 l/100 km) on the EU cycle and CO2 emissions of 348g/km – a reduction of 7.4%
- Acclaimed LR-TDV8 diesel engine retained
- Subtle exterior design changes enhance the classic Range Rover style with contemporary details
- Upgraded interior, featuring the world’s first automotive application of dual view touch screen infotainment screen technology:
- The touch screen display allows driver and front seat passenger to view two different images simultaneously
- Physical instrument cluster replaced by fully configurable 12” Thin Film Transistor (TFT) screen with ‘virtual’ dials and information displays
- State-of-the-art Adaptive Dynamics technology to further improve the Range Rover’s peerless ride quality
- New brakes for both engine derivatives
- Updated Terrain Response™ and Stability Control System for enhanced all-terrain performance
- Active safety aids including Adaptive Cruise Control, Emergency Brake Assist, Blind Spot Monitoring, and surround camera system
- Land Rover e-Terrain Technologies boost economy and lower emissions on 2010 Range Rover
Powerful new engines, revolutionary interior technologies and enhanced driving dynamics reinforce the position of the 2010 Range Rover as Land Rover’s most complete luxury 4×4. Land Rover’s flagship has been comprehensively updated to deliver more refined and efficient performance, along with the ultimate in interior comfort and craftsmanship.
“The 2010 Range Rover is a considerable step forward for what is already regarded as the one of the world’s most complete luxury vehicles. New engines provide formidable power, efficiency and customary Range Rover refinement, and new technologies, such as the dual view screen, deliver a world first. Like its legendary predecessors, the 2010 Range Rover is setting the pace once more,” says Phil Popham, Land Rover managing director.
Pride of place on the 2010 Range Rover goes to the brand new 510PS supercharged LR-V8 petrol engine. The engine was developed in-house by the Jaguar Land Rover powertrain team, with the requirements of the Range Rover in mind from day one.
The LR-V8 engine has been developed to deliver more power and refinement, but without a corresponding increase in consumption and emissions. The result is a lightweight direct fuel injection engine with class-leading efficiency, which provides significantly more usable low end torque and superior dynamic responses without compromising power at higher RPM.
The LR-V8 improves fuel consumption by 7.3% on the EU cycle and CO2 emissions by 7.4 percent, despite substantial increases in both power (+29 %) and torque (+ 12%), compared with its 4.2 litre Supercharged predecessor. The engine is compliant with stringent EU5 emissions regulations.
The popular diesel derivative continues to be powered by the acclaimed 272PS 3.6-litre TDV8 and also benefits from upgrades to the design and under-the-skin enhancements.
These improvements include subtle exterior revisions, featuring changes to the headlights, grille and bumper which enhance the classic Range Rover style with more contemporary detailing. The interior benefits from more luxurious materials and finishes which add further refinements to the premium interior ambiance.
More significantly, the 2010 Range Rover uses some revolutionary new interior technologies which enhance the experience for driver and passengers alike.
The vehicle is the first to feature ‘dual view’ infotainment touch screen technology which allows the driver and passenger to view different images simultaneously. This means that the passenger can enjoy a DVD movie while the driver follows navigation instructions, all on the same screen.
Another dramatic innovation is found in the instrument cluster. Here, traditional physical instruments are replaced by a fully configurable 12” TFT screen which presents all essential driver information via cleverly designed ‘virtual’ dials and graphical displays.
“The new display technology used by the 2010 Range Rover is a major advance. It gives us tremendous flexibility in presenting information, so that the driver gets precisely the data they require, in all driving conditions. Meanwhile, the passenger can be relaxing with a movie!” explains Nick Rogers, Chief Engineer, New Vehicle Architecture.
The vehicle incorporates state-of-the-art Adaptive Dynamics technology to further improve the Range Rover’s peerless ride quality. All-terrain performance is also enhanced by updates to the Terrain Response™ and Stability Control systems.
To complete the package, the 2010 Range Rover benefits from a series of enhanced active safety aids including Adaptive Cruise Control, Emergency Brake Assist, Blind Spot Monitoring, Automatic High Beam Assist (AHBA) and a surround camera system.
“The Range Rover remains the consummate luxury 4×4. Its combination of unrivalled all-terrain performance with the ultimate in comfort and refinement, remains a clear industry benchmark,” says Phil Popham, Land Rover managing director.
e-TERRAIN TECHNOLOGIES boost economy and lower CO2 emissions
Under the banner of e_TERRAIN TECHNOLOGIES, Land Rover is implementing a range of measures to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, without compromising Range Rover’s refinement or renowned all-terrain capabilities.
The new Range Rover is packed with features aimed at improving fuel economy and lowering CO2 emissions. The new LR-V8 supercharged petrol engine was designed from the outset to deliver class-leading fuel economy and improved low-end torque.
The LR-V8’s new high pressure, spray guided direct injection system optimises combustion while the new variable camshaft timing system and camshaft profile switching all join forces to ensure the engine is optimised for fuel efficiency throughout the range.
The supercharged engine is also fitted with a sixth generation, twin-vortex supercharger whose high-helix rotor design improves its thermodynamic efficiency by 16 percent. Faster warm-up thanks to the new cooling system also improves fuel economy as do the low friction design features.
The new engine has also been optimised for low-end torque as well as economy, making it possible to activate the lock-up clutch of the ZF HP-28 automatic transmission at lower speed. This reduces ‘slip’ in the hydraulic torque converter improving both fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. The higher torque at lower rpm also enables longer gearing for more economical cruising.
A new front bumper incorporating front wheel deflectors reduce drag and an Intelligent Power Management System includes smart regenerative charging, so whenever possible the alternator charges the battery when it is most economical to do so, such as when the vehicle is coasting rather than accelerating.
e-TERRAIN TECHNOLOGIES in summary:
LR-V8 engine technology
Engine calibration optimized
Reduced torque-converter slip
Higher torque, allowing longer gearing
Faster engine warm-up helps improve fuel efficiency
Reduced internal engine friction
Intelligent Power System Management (IPSM) including smart regenerative charging
All-new LR-V8 engine delivers outstanding performance and efficiency
- All-new LR-V8 510PS Supercharged engine has 29 percent more power and 12 percent more torque than previous 4.2-litre supercharged engine
- Fuel consumption reduced on the EU cycle by 7.3% and CO2 emissions cut by 7.4% percent
- Conforms to stringent EU 5 emissions regulations
- Multi-hole central spray-guided direct injection is highly efficient – industry first.
- High efficiency, 6th generation twin-vortex supercharger
- Torque-actuated variable camshaft timing on all four cams in V8 engine – industry first
- Camshaft profile switching and variable length inlet manifold optimises power and torque
- Reverse cooling improves engine efficiency and speeds cabin warm-up
- Class-leading, low-friction design features
- Lightweight construction uses recycled materials
- 15,000 mile service intervals
“The LR-V8 returns class leading levels of power and torque combined with reduced fuel consumption and emissions – the supercharged 5.0-litre engine is one of the most fuel efficient in its class. As well as stunning top-end performance, it also delivers the low-end flexibility essential for real-world driving.”
Malcolm Sandford, Chief Engineer, Engines
The 2010 Range Rover gets an all-new 5.0-litre LR-V8 supercharged petrol engine. The engine was developed in conjunction with Jaguar – the first time an engine has been designed from the outset with the requirements of both brands in mind. Shared primary objectives included the highest possible torque and fast response from low revs.
Although the basic architecture of the LR-V8 supercharged is the same for each brand, some changes were needed for the Land Rover engines to satisfy demanding all-terrain requirements. For example, the engines feature a deeper sump to accommodate the extreme tilting angles experienced when driving the Range Rover off road, and to accommodate the front differential which attaches to it. In addition, belt drives are waterproofed, as are the alternator, air conditioning compressor, power steering pump and starter motor.
The supremely powerful supercharged LR-V8 delivers 510PS and 625Nm of torque. One of the most advanced petrol engines ever built, the engine is packed with innovative features to ensure that it is also one of the most frugal in its class.
The LR-V8 was developed with an emphasis on delivering a smooth, refined and responsive driver experience, with excellent power characteristics. Compared to the current 4.2-litre V8 the supercharged engine increases power and torque outputs by 29 percent and 12 percent respectively.
Despite this extra power, CO2 emissions are just 348g/km, 7.4 percent lower than the 4.2-litre; fuel consumption is reduced by a similar amount. Yet when it comes to regulated emissions the engine is incredibly clean, meeting the EU 5 regulations not due to come into force until 2011.
Direct injection – increased power and torque, lower emissions
One of the key features of the new LR-V8 is an industry first, centrally-mounted, multi-hole, spray-guided fuel injection system, delivering fuel at a pressure of up to 150bar directly to the cylinder. The positioning of the injectors ensures fuel is precisely delivered to the centre of the combustion chamber, maximising air-fuel mixing, and improving combustion control.
Fuel is delivered by twin, high pressure fuel pumps driven via an auxiliary shaft in the all new engine block. Delivery of fuel direct to the cylinder has substantially contributed to improved low speed, dynamic response which is particularly useful off-road while adding to driving pleasure on-road. The charge cooling effects of the direct injection fuel system have allowed the compression ratio of the naturally aspirated engine to be raised to 11.5:1, further improving the engine economy.
During the engine warm-up phase, the combustion system employs multiple injection mode strategies to deliver 50 percent more heat for fast catalyst warm-up and reduced emissions.
6th generation supercharger – quieter and more efficient.
A sixth generation, twin vortex system (TVS) supercharger is fitted to the 510PS engine. A compact Roots-type unit, it feeds air through twin intercoolers which in turn are water-cooled by their own discrete cooling circuit. The high helix rotor design both improves the supercharger thermodynamic efficiency by 16 percent and improves noise quality to the point where the unit is virtually inaudible. The intercoolers reduce the temperature of the pressurised intake-air and so optimise power.
The air intake has been radically redesigned compared to the previous V8. The intake air path is a direct feed to the supercharger inlet from the centrally mounted front throttle body. Air is delivered through twin air boxes which reduce flow loss and further increase efficiency. Mechanically, the new supercharger and its intercoolers are efficiently packaged in the V of the engine to deliver a low overall engine height.
New variable camshaft timing system boosts engine torque, saves energy
A new type of variable camshaft timing system (VCT) on the V8 engine introduces another industry first. The four VCT units are activated by the positive and negative torques generated by opening and closing the intake and exhaust valves, instead of by oil pressure. This has allowed the engine oil pump to be reduced in size, saving energy and reducing fuel consumption.
VCT units work independently on all four camshafts with 62 degrees of authority on the inlet cams and 50 degrees of authority on the exhaust cams. Timing is optimised by the engine control unit for torque, power and economy at every point in the engine’s speed range.
The response rate of the new VCT units is 25 percent quicker than before with actuation rates in excess of 250 degrees per second. This delivers a more immediate engine response to the driver’s demand.
Warm up quickly with reverse flow cooling
The search for greater efficiency has in some areas led to a complete rethink of fundamental engine design concepts. An example is the innovative reverse flow cooling system which delivers thermodynamic and friction improvements. The new design means coolant is pumped through the cylinder heads before flowing through the block and returning to the radiator. Since the cylinder heads remain cooler, the knock threshold is pushed back allowing greater optimisation of ignition timing for improved efficiency.
In addition, the 22 kW oil to water heat exchanger, packaged at the core of the engine, transfers heat from the coolant to the lubricating oil during warm up, bringing the oil up to operating temperature 14 percent faster than the previous cooling system. This ‘upside down’ approach substantially improves fuel consumption in the crucial engine warm-up period and helps warm the cabin more quickly.
Strong and compact
The new LR-V8 engine is built around a stiff, all new, aluminium block with cast-in iron liners and cross-bolted main bearing caps, to reduce noise, vibration and harshness. For the first time at Land Rover, the blocks are high pressure die-cast rather than sand-cast, providing a superior finish and dimensional greater accuracy. The engine also has aluminium heads, with four-valves per cylinder and strong, spheroidal-graphite cast-iron crankshaft and steel connecting rods. The cylinder heads and block are manufactured using recycled aluminium alloy for the first time, thus reducing the environmental impact of manufacturing the new engine.
The new direct injection petrol engine is more compact than its predecessor. Overall engine length has been reduced by relocation of the oil pump within the engine architecture.
Reduced internal friction combats CO2
Internal friction, a major contributor to increased fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, has been targeted by careful design of the engine’s components. As a result, the Range Rover’s new LR-V8 achieves another best in class for crank train friction.
All engine bearings were the subject of an extensive optimisation, reducing friction without compromising reliability. Diamond-Like Carbon Coating (DLC) has been used to reduce friction on the fuel pump tappets and a solid film lubricant has been used to coat the piston skirts.
Land Rover has developed a unique, intelligent oil-pump pressure relief valve (PRV) which senses oil pressure deep in the engine’s oil galleries to more accurately control oil pump delivery. As a result, oil pump frictional losses are reduced during the warm-up period.
The engine has also been designed around a 5W-20 semi-synthetic oil. The new oil has a lower viscosity, primarily at low temperatures, reducing parasitic losses in the engines and contributing to an extension in service intervals from 10,000 miles to 15,000 miles or 12 months. The new LR-V8 engine is also fitted with an electronic dipstick for added peace of mind.
Responsive new transmission
The 2010 Range Rover’s new petrol engine is mated to the revised and super-smooth ZF HP28 6-speed automatic transmission. Its characteristics have been optimised by Land Rover engineers to provide class-leading response, with rapid and refined shifts. The dramatic enhancement of both power and torque low down the rev range on the new engines have made it possible to actuate the transmission’s lock-up clutch much earlier in each gear, reducing slip through the hydraulic torque converter, so helping with the improvements in both fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.
The transmission features an intelligent sport mode, which can sense and adapt transmission characteristics to particular driving styles.
The diesel alternative
For customers who prefer diesel power, the acclaimed 272PS 3.6-litre TDV8 engine continues to be available on the 2010 Range Rover. It is paired with the smooth and responsive ZF HP26 6-speed automatic.
Enhanced vehicle dynamics – both on and off road
The 2010 Range Rover benefits from a comprehensive programme of refinements to its vehicle dynamics. The enhancements include features that will improve ride and handling during on-road driving, plus a series of measures that give greater capabilities when driving off-road or when towing.
Unique adaptive dynamics system improves ride and control
The 2010 Range Rover has an advanced new Adaptive Dynamics system which further improves the Range Rover’s peerless ride quality with greater refinement and superior body control.
It is the world’s first production system to employ model-based predictive technology that continually optimises damper settings for the widest possible range of conditions. Conventional dampers are replaced by precision DampTronic Valve Technology™ damper units, which incorporate continually adjustable damper valves.
The predictive technology enables damper settings on each wheel to be continuously refined between ‘soft’, comfort oriented settings and ‘hard’, firm body control settings; damper pressure on each wheel is monitored 500 times per second. The system optimises the vehicle’s body and ride control, instantly responding to both the demands of the prevailing driving style and of the terrain encountered, in both on and off-road situations.
Braking system gets more power and feel
The Range Rover is equipped with a new braking system which has been comprehensively updated to provide enhanced stopping power and improved driver feel.
The brakes for the diesel model are modelled on the 4-piston opposed caliper performance system from the outgoing Supercharged model. The updated system employs 360mm ventilated front discs with new twin piston sliding calipers made from cast-iron for enhanced pedal feel.
The rear features 350mm ventilated discs with lightweight aluminium single piston sliding calipers.
The braking system for the Supercharged model has been developed in conjunction with performance brake specialists Brembo™. This system employs 380mm ventilated front discs with unique lightweight aluminium six-piston opposed action monoblock calipers. 365mm ventilated discs with single piston sliding calipers are fitted at the rear.
Greater control and safety around bends
A refinement to the stability control system helps automatically slow the vehicle if taking a bend too fast, thus enhancing driver control.
Enhanced Understeer Control interfaces with the brake modulator and Powertrain control module . If the speed is too great for engine torque reduction to control the vehicle, automatic braking intervenes to reduce the vehicle speed, with braking pressure applied according to the severity of the situation. At decelerations in excess of 0.7g the brake lights are automatically applied to warn following traffic.
This feature is complemented by the new Roll Stability Control system, which is designed to intervene in the unlikely case of an extreme situation in which the possible onset of a rollover is detected. In such situations, the system is designed to take over and perform very rapid, wheel specific braking, to help reduce speed and marginally widen the cornering radius.
Improved performance and stability off-road
The award winning Terrain Response™ system is subject to a whole series of improvements for 2010, including enhanced capabilities when tackling challenging terrain like sand or large rocks.
For soft sand – one of the most power-hungry surfaces – ’sand launch control’ has now been introduced, which makes for noticeably easier drive-away. New, speed-dependent wheel-slip targets for the traction control system permit only very limited initial wheel-slip, helping to prevent the wheels digging down into the sand.
Revisions to the rock crawl program improve brake and traction control response times, helping to reduce the vehicle’s tendency to roll when traversing boulders and giving a more composed drive through rocky terrain.
Land Rover’s much-acclaimed Hill Descent Control system is enhanced on the latest Range Rover with the addition of Gradient Release Control. This inhibits the initial rate of acceleration when descending very steep inclines, to increase control and reduce the potentially alarming lurch which can occur when braking is released at extreme angles.
More stable towing
For safer and more stable towing, the 2010 Range Rover incorporates Trailer Stability Assist. This system detects trailer oscillations by monitoring key vehicle behaviours, such as uninvited steering movements and slight vehicle swing in response to trailer behaviour. In these circumstances, the system can initiate engine torque reduction and braking interventions to help bring the towing back under control.
Classic Range Rover style with contemporary details
“We have introduced a number of more contemporary design elements on the 2010 Range Rover, but have been careful not to disturb the vehicle’s classic proportions and unique silhouette. The refined detailing and cleaner surfaces of the 2010 model retain the timeless and noble qualities which are traditional hallmarks of Range Rover design.”
Design Director, Gerry McGovern
The 2010 Range Rover features subtle revisions to the exterior styling, introducing some attractive new design elements which enhance the classic Range Rover style with more contemporary detailing.
New headlights feature the Range Rover’s trademark inter-locking circle design, but are more clearly visible, day or night, with LED lamp technology. Bi-Xenon dip and high beam lamps provide the superb illumination required for the increased performance of the 2010 Range Rover. The headlights are marginally shallower, and ‘bookend’ a deeper, more upright mesh grille which follows the distinctive style introduced on the current supercharged model. A black and silver Land Rover badge replaces the traditional green and silver design.
A new bumper completes the smoother, more sculpted front end, reflecting the clean surface integration which is now characteristic of Range Rover design. The fog lamps are relocated from the bumper skin to the lower front air-intake.
The side of the vehicle features new ‘three-stripe’ LED indicators and redesigned three-section fender vents. The same design theme is adopted by the rear LED light clusters, which incorporate ‘three-stripe’ directional indicators.
Interior showcases luxurious materials and revolutionary technologies
Superbly crafted new materials and some revolutionary display technologies help to improve a cabin this is already widely regarded as one of the automotive world’s finest.
To further enhance the premium interior ambience, the 2010 Range Rover introduces new luxury grade European leather trim for the headlining, pillar and door casings. Facia buttons now feature a satin chrome-plated finish, which are beautifully highlighted by the Range Rover’s upgraded waterfall interior lighting. High quality black satin and natural wood finishes complete the sumptuous feel of the interior architecture.
‘Virtual’ dials and graphic displays replace traditional instruments
One of the major innovations in the 2010 Range Rover is found in the instrument cluster. Here, traditional physical instruments are replaced by a fully configurable 12” TFT screen which presents all essential driver information via cleverly designed ‘virtual’ dials and graphical displays.
The system’s message centre (the area between rev counter and speedometer) can be customised by the driver to display personal prioritised information, from system warnings, outside temperature and vehicle information to less critical data such as audio and telephone displays.
The message centre also relays off-road information, such as steering angle, wheel articulation, suspension settings and Terrain Response™ settings.
Fingertip control of settings and menus on the TFT screen is provided by an updated steering wheel which incorporates a five-way controller.
World first ‘dual view’ screen technology
The 2010 Range Rover is the first to feature ‘dual view’ infotainment touch screen technology. The display allows the driver and passenger to view completely different images simultaneously. This means that the passenger can enjoy a DVD movie while the driver follows navigation instructions, all on the same screen.
The system uses patented Parallax Barrier technology to alternately hide and reveal columns of pixels to the left and right hand views of the screen. The display comes with a specially designed agar coating to help prevent sunlight bleaching.
The screen retains all of the touch-screen functionality of the previous display, but the graphics and menus have been redesigned for easier and more intuitive operation, allowing the number of ‘hard’ buttons around the screen to be reduced by a third. As before, functions such as satellite navigation, DVD video, and audio systems can be controlled via the display.
An updated voice control system with enhanced voice recognition software complements the touch screen, and can be used to control a range of entertainment and comfort features such as the audio system and climate control.
Advanced vehicle technologies enhance convenience and safety
“The technologies built into the 2010 Range Rover are designed to improve convenience and safety, reducing the stress of driving in modern motoring conditions, on all terrains. With technology sharing the workload, the result is a more relaxed, alert driver.”
Paul Walker, Chief Programme Engineer, Range Rover
The 2010 Range Rover incorporates a comprehensive selection of advanced vehicle technologies which enhance convenience and improve active safety for the driver.
Adaptive Cruise Control
The 2010 Range Rover features Land Rover’s pioneering scanning radar Adaptive Cruise Control system (ACC) for the first time. The system employs a 76GHz scanning radar to locate vehicles moving in the same direction, and is designed to maintain optimal vehicle speed by using acceleration, deceleration and braking to keep a specified distance from the traffic ahead.
ACC comes with four driver-selectable settings, designed to suit individual driving style and traffic / road conditions. The driver can select a ‘headway’ of between 1 to 2.2 seconds, with a default setting of 1.8 seconds; this equates to a 50 meter distance from the vehicle ahead when travelling at 100km/h (62mph). The system is designed to operate at speeds of up to 180km/h (112mph).
Vehicles fitted with the ACC system also benefit from a new Advanced Emergency Brake Assist system, which is able to sense the driver’s responses to a potential emergency situation.
Working in conjunction with the Forward Alert System’s radar, Advanced Emergency Brake Assist primes the vehicle’s braking system, and even initiates braking in extreme circumstances if a collision is judged possible. Valuable improvements in braking distances have been recorded in the testing of this system.
Updated infotainment systems
A new hard-drive navigation system provides faster route calculation, larger area map coverage and improved reliability. The navigation system adopts an easy-to-use navigation structure which now also features ‘towards guidance’. This supplements the junction map and icon-based information with details of the actual road signage viewed by the driver along the route.
The new Portable Audio Interface allows connectivity to an array of personal audio storage devices, USB sticks and MP3 players, enabling the various devices’ functions to be accessed and controlled via the facia-mounted touch-screen system. One of the connectivity ports is a dedicated Apple iPodTM point made exclusively by Land Rover, for continued functionality in extreme driving conditions, by helping to prevent the device coming loose from the socket.
Enhanced safety and visibility
The 2010 Range Rover has a blind spot monitoring system which uses side-mounted radar sensors to detect vehicles and other solid objects in the vehicle’s blind spot area. If an object is detected, a bright amber warning icon is illuminated in the driver’s door mirror.
A new surround camera system supports easier parking, towing and off road manoeuvring. It features five digital cameras which relay a near 360-degree view to the touch-screen display. The cameras function immediately the vehicle is started, and can be used at speeds up to 11mph, with options for selecting and zooming in to assist with close quarter parking and with towing.
The Patented ‘reverse tow assist’ function (selected from the touch screen menu) helps perform accurate towing manoeuvres. The wide field of views on the side cameras give a clear view of the reversing trailer and the images are electronically manipulated to provide an undistorted view. Guide lines overlaid on the rear camera image illustrate both the vehicle and trailer’s trajectory and these move in line with steering inputs, making it easier for the driver to predict where the trailer will move to, before performing the reversing manoeuvre.
Specific characteristics such as type of trailer, number of axles and width guides can be fed into the system to enhance the system outputs.
The Range Rover’s front headlights incorporate high beam assist technology. This can automatically switch on high beam headlights where external light levels are below the system’s threshold. Importantly, the system is also designed to detect preceding and approaching traffic, and in a split second will automatically switch back to low beam to avoid dazzling others.
All-new electrical architecture
The performance of many of the 2010 Range Rover’s advanced technologies is enhanced by a completely new electrical architecture which supports more efficient integration between the various systems. Information is shared between electronic components via a high speed Controller Area Network (CAN), with a fibre optic Media Orientated System Transport (MOST) network controlling the modules of the infotainment system, enhancing reliability and saving weight.
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